The Neuroscience of Visual Hallucinations

Each year, some two million people in the United Kingdom experience visual hallucinations. Infrequent, fleeting visual hallucinations, often around sleep, are a usual feature of life. In contrast, consistent, frequent, persistent hallucinations during waking are strongly associated with clinical disorders; in particular delirium, eye disease, psychosis, and dementia. Research interest in these disorders has driven a rapid expansion in investigatory techniques, new evidence, and explanatory models. In parallel, a move to generative models of normal visual function has resolved the theoretical tension between veridical and hallucinatory perceptions. From initial fragmented areas of investigation, the field has become increasingly coherent over the last decade. Controversies
and gaps remain, but for the first time the shapes of possible unifying models are becoming clear, along with the techniques for testing these.

This book provides a comprehensive survey of the neuroscience of visual hallucinations and the clinical techniques for testing these. It brings together the very latest evidence from cognitive neuropsychology, neuroimaging, neuropathology, and neuropharmacology, placing this within current models of visual perception.

Leading researchers from a range of clinical and basic science areas describe visual hallucinations in their historical and scientific context, combining introductory information with up-to-date discoveries. They discuss results from the main investigatory techniques applied in a range of clinical disorders. The final section outlines future research directions investigating the potential for new understandings of veridical and hallucinatory perceptions, and for treatments of problematic hallucinations.

Fully comprehensive, this is an essential reference for clinicians in the fields of the psychology and psychiatry of hallucinations, as well as for researchers in departments, research institutes and libraries. It has strong foundations in neuroscience, cognitive science, optometry, psychiatry, psychology, clinical medicine, and philosophy. With its lucid explanation and many illustrations, it is a clear resource for educators and advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

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Normal binocular vision

Binocular vision, i.e. where both eyes are used together, is a fundamental component of human sight. It also aids hand-eye co-ordination, and the perception of the self within the environment.

This is a major new textbook for students of optometry, orthoptics, and ophthalmology, and also of psychology. Fully illustrated throughout, the book includes self-assessment exercises at the end of each chapter, and sample experiments in binocular vision functioning.

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The Eye: Basic Sciences in Practice 4th

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The Eye: Basic Sciences in Practice provides highly accessible, concise coverage of all the essential basic science required by today’s ophthalmologists and optometrists in training. It is also essential reading for those embarking on a career in visual and ophthalmic science, as well as an invaluable, current refresher for the range of practitioners working in this area.

This new fourth edition has now been fully revised and updated in line with current curricula, key research developments and clinical best practice. It succinctly incorporates the massive strides being made by genetics and functional genomics based on the Human Genome Project, the new understanding of how the microbiome affects all aspects of immunology, the remarkable progress in imaging technology now applied to anatomy and neurophysiology, as well as exciting new molecular and other diagnostic methodologies now being used in microbiology and pathology. All this and more collectively brings a wealth of new knowledge to students and practitioners in the fields of ophthalmology and visual science.

For the first time, this (print) edition also now comes with bonus access to the complete, fully searchable electronic text – including carefully selected additional information and new video content to further explain and expand on key concepts – making The Eye a more flexible, comprehensive and engaging learning package than ever before.

 

  • The only all-embracing textbook of basic science suitable for trainee ophthalmologists, optometrists and vision scientists – other books concentrate on the individual areas such as anatomy.
  • Attractive page design with clear, colour diagrams and text boxes make this a much more accessible book to learn from than many postgraduate textbooks.
  • Presents in a readable form an account of all the basic sciences necessary for an understanding of the eye – anatomy, embryology, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, immunology, microbiology and infection and pathology.
  • More on molecular pathology.
  • Thorough updating of the sections on pathology, immunology, pharmacology and immunology.
  • Revision of all other chapters.
  • More colour illustrations
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Ocular Pathology Case Reviews

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Ocular Pathology Case Reviews is designed to aid ophthalmologists, residents, practitioners, and optometrists alike in improving their overall understanding of eye disease. This medical reference book presents a unique combination of clinical photos and histological images in a consistent case review format, helping you better understand ophthalmic pathology and prepare for rotations and exams.

Focus on diagnosis, clinical descriptions, and histological features with help from a consistent case-review format that simulates an exam situation.
Recognize a diverse range of disorders through 200 individual cases, with comprehensive coverage across six sub-specialty areas.
Learn to connect the pathological aspects with the clinical signs/presentations of each disease.
Pin-point key aspects of every image and eliminate room for error with help from arrows, leader lines, and labels accompanying each image.

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Basic sciences for ophthalmology

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Part of the Oxford Specialty Training series, Basic Sciences for Ophthalmology is an indispensable and fully comprehensive textbook, and the only book candidates will need to pass the FRCOphth Part 1 exam. Directly linked to the Royal College’s exam, presented in a full colour, highly illustrated, and easy-to-read format, making the basic science behind ophthalmology more approachable and accessible to improve understanding.

Offering full coverage of the Royal College curriculum, the book includes information on anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, optics and practical refraction as well as a section on exam technique. Useful as a resource for the basic sciences in ophthalmology, the book will be also of interest to senior trainees, consultants, optometrists, orthoptists, and basic scientists, as well as those taking the FRCOphth exams.

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Ocular Pharmacology and Toxicology

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Covering ocular pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and toxicology, Ocular Pharmacology and Toxicology provides ophthalmologists, toxicologists, and pharmacologists with both an introduction to the proper methods for ocular pharmacology and toxicology as well as providing practical methodologies for conducting ocular studies. Expert authors have contributed detailed chapters on study design, analysis, and routes to regulatory approval for various types and routes of ophthalmic drugs. As a volume in the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, chapters feature the kind of in-depth specifics and implementation advice to ensure successful results.

Practical and authoritative, Ocular Pharmacology and Toxicology serves as an ideal basis of training in the proper design and conduct of essential studies to accurately determine pharmacokinetics and ocular toxicity from the systemic, topical, periocular, or intraocular administration of drugs or compounds, from the use of ocular medical devices and from ocular surgical procedures.

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Innate Immunity of the Eye

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The innate immune system comprises the cells and mechanisms that are the first line of defence against infection by other organisms. This book provides a comprehensive synopsis of eye diseases, their immunological mechanisms and the role of the immune cells and mediators. Beginning with an introduction to the role of the innate immune system, the following chapters discuss the different types of immune cells in the eye and their role in the etiopathogenesis of various diseases including glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. Edited by Manfred Zierhut, recognised expert from the University of Tuebingen Germany, this book is presented in an easy to read format, enabling practitioners to understand even the most sophisticated eye disorders from an immunological perspective. Key points * Comprehensive synopsis of the role of the innate immune system in eye diseases * Covers different types of immune cells * Edited by internationally recognised specialist in Germany

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Eye Pathology: An Illustrated Guide

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This book is a comprehensive, in-depth, and up-to-date resource on eye pathology that will be of great practical value for ophthalmic and general pathologists and ophthalmologists. Congenital abnormalities, inflammatory conditions, infections, injuries, degenerative diseases, and tumors are all covered with the aid of more than 700 images. In the case of tumors, the wide variety of neoplasms that occur in the eyelid, conjunctiva, retina, uveal tract, lacrimal gland and sac, orbit, and optic nerve are comprehensively reviewed, and the most recent knowledge on the relation between genetics and prognosis is presented. Entries on specific diseases are organized in a standard way, with information on etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, pathological characteristics, differential diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis. The authors are all recognized experts and members of the European and American ophthalmic pathology societies.​

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Ocular Pathology 7e

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Comprehensive, yet concise and clinically oriented, the new edition of Ocular Pathology brings you the very latest advances of every aspect of ocular pathology. From updated information on today’s imaging techniques, to the implementation of genetic data to better understand disease, this esteemed medical reference book promises to keep you at the forefront of your field
Take advantage of clinical “pearls” that offer you the benefits of proven strategies.
Quickly reference information with help from a convenient outline format, ideal for today’s busy physician.
Visualize every concept by viewing 1,900 illustrations, 1,600 of which are in full color, from the collections of internationally renowned leaders in ocular pathology.
Understand the role of VEGF and other factors in the pathobiology of diabetic complications, as well as the pathobiology of myocilin and the TIGR gene in the development of glaucoma.
Review the latest features related to the pathobiology of central corneal thickness.
Stay abreast of the latest in ocular pathology with coverage of the classification system for retinoblastoma; immunopathology of herpes keratitis; and genetic features of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous.

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Lee’s Ophthalmic Histopathology 3rd

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Completely revised and updated, this well-illustrated and practically-oriented text has retained its general layout and style and division into specimen-type based chapters. The visual image remains key to explaining the pathological processes and this is facilitated by full colour photography throughout the text. The book emphasizes pertinent recent advances which augment the morphological study of disease. There is updated information on clinically important aspects, immunohistochemistry, tumour cytogenetics and molecular biology.

 

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Basic Ophthalmology

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This book deals with the basic concepts, fundamentals and recent advances in ophthalmology. It provides guidance on the latest diagnostic approach, operative technique and treatment options. This comprehensive, authoritative and richly illustrated textbook covers basic and clinical principles in ophthalmology to ensure that students will always be able to find the guidance they need to diagnose and manage patient’s ocular problems and also match with the best standards of care. This book discusses traditional and conventional course of visual disorders and explores new contemporary causes generated by modern urban lifestyles like visual display terminal syndrome caused by computer monitor and use of contact lenses. Also covers easy treatment of diabetic retinopathy study for visual rehabilitation. The main objective of the book is that students should relate to the text and content and not merely memorize it mechanically to reproduce it in the examination. 1. Embroyology and Anatomy, 2. Physiology of Vision, 3. Neurology of Vision, 4. Examination of the Eye, 5. Errors of Refraction, 6. The Conjunctiva, 7. The Cornea, 8. The Sclera, 9. The Uveal Tract, 10. The Lens, 11. The Vitreous, 12. Glaucoma, 13. The Retina, 14. The Optic Nerve, 15. Injuries of the Eye, 16. The Ocular Motility and Squint (Strabismus), 17. The Lids, 18. The Lacrimal Apparatus, 19. The Orbit, 20. General Therapeutics, 21. The Causes and Prevention of Blindness, 22. Ophthalmic Instruments.

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Intravitreal Injections: A Handbook for Ophthalmic Nurse Practitioners and Trainee Ophthalmologists

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Intravitreal injections (injections into the eye) are a new form of treatment for various conditions such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease and vascular eye problems. The use of these injections has become so widespread that most departments around the world (and particularly in the U.K) do not have enough doctors to meet the service provision demands of an ever increasing number of patients. Many departments have trialed training ophthalmic nurse practitioners as a solution and the number of such specifically trained nurses is set to rise exponentially in the future. This book is meant to be an easy to carry A5 handbook detailing all that an ophthalmic nurse practitioner needs to know about performing the procedure. It is hoped that the book will also be of benefit to trainee ophthalmologists learning the procedure.

As this is an emerging area of expertise in ophthalmology, currently there exists no other books on the topic. The readers will benefit from having a single resource detailing all that they need to know about the procedure. This means that nurses will not have to cross reference multiple complicated ophthalmic textbooks. As an A5 handbook, it will be easy to carry and reference in clinics. It is deliberately meant to be concise (around 100 pages), thus concentrating only on the core knowledge required.

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Ophthalmology at a Glance 2nd

Jane Olver (Author), Lorraine Cassidy (Author), Gurjeet Jutley (Author), Laura Crawley (Author)

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Ophthalmology at a Glance provides a concise overview of the specialty, with clear and simple diagrams illustrating the essential information required for students, trainee optometrists, opticians and specialty nurses. It includes details on history and examination, before moving through specific conditions and their treatment. Closely tracking the undergraduate ophthalmology curriculum, this new edition is fully updated to reflect new developments in the field. Ophthalmology at a Glance : • Features tip boxes to give further insight into topics, warning boxes to indicate cautionary advice, help with exam technique, further reading, and key point boxes which summarize each chapter • Includes new chapters on tropical ophthalmology, ocular oncology and giant cell arteritis • Features expanded material on red eye and painful loss of vision, and discussion of new scientific evidence for the existence of a sixth layer of the cornea (Dua’s layer) • Includes a companion website at www.ataglanceseries.com/ophthal featuring clinical case studies, all the clinical images from the book as PowerPoint slides, and interactive flashcards for self–test

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Visual Development

Nigel W. Daw (Author)

The only book on the market to cover the psychophysics, anatomy, physiology, and clinical deficits of the developing visual system in an accessible format and length. The visual system is the most commonly studied aspect of the nervous system and is the primary model for the study of both normal development and the effects of environment and sensory deprivation on development. This third edition highlights new research and features a large number of illustrations, many in color. It can be used as a supplementary text in neuroscience and ophthalmology courses. This book is a great resource for both novice and advanced researchers in the field of vision.

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The Eye: Basic Sciences in Practice

The Eye: Basic Sciences in Practice
John V. Forrester MB ChB FRCS(ed) FRCS(Glasg) FRCOphth FRCP FMedSci FRSE (Author), Andrew D. Dick BSc MB BS MD FRCP FRCS FRCOphth FMedSci (Author), Paul G. McMenamin BSc(Hons) MSc(Med Sci) PhD (Author), William R. Lee CBE (Author), Andrew Dick (Author), Paul McMenamin (Author), William Lee (Author)


Book description
This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. A concise textbook of basic science for trainees and residents in ophthalmology.

• The only all-embracing textbook of basic science suitable for trainee ophthalmologists – other books concentrate on the individual areas such as anatomy.
• Attractive page design with clear, colour diagrams and text boxes make this a much more accessible book to learn from than many postgraduate textbooks.
• Presents in a readable form an account of all the basic sciences necessary for an understanding of the eye – anatomy, embryology, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, immunology, microbiology and infection and pathology.

• More on molecular pathology.
• Thorough updating of the sections on pathology, immunology, pharmacology and immunology.
• Revision of all other chapters.
• More colour illustrations.

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Ophthalmic Pathology: A Concise Guide

Thomas J Cummings (Author)

Ophthalmic Pathology: A Concise Guide provides an introductory book of essential and fundamental information that will give the reader a solid foundation in ophthalmic pathology. The volume differs from the available classic and comprehensive ophthalmic pathology textbooks in its basic and simplified ‘one month approach’ concept. The text is rich in macroscopic and microscopic pathology images, clinical images, and bullet-point lists.

Each chapter (Overview; Cornea; Conjunctiva; Eyelids; Uveal Tract; Retina; Orbit; and, Optic Nerve) includes approximately 30 color figures of common eye pathology diagnoses and also reviews the normal histology of each ocular component. An assortment of commentary related to common diagnoses and differential diagnostic considerations, clinical and pathological correlations, pearls and pitfalls, and ophthalmic pathology terminology can be found in each chapter. Other topics include: the fundamental pathology of glaucoma, trauma, cataracts, macular degeneration, and the phacomatoses; commonly used histochemical stains employed in ophthalmic pathology; and basic prosection of enucleation and evisceration specimens.

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Ophthalmic Histopathology

W.R. Lee (Author)

Book Description
Publication Date: December 20, 2002
This second edition has been completely updated with new sections on molecular genetics and cancer research, reflecting the explosion of information for pathology techniques over the last 5 years. Covering general principles of ophthalmic pathology in a manageable length with over 900 illustrations – 50% in colour, this book allows for a clearer understanding. A bench book designed to support general pathologists who are required to provide a service in ophthalmic pathology and ophthalmologists who work in a service laboratory. The unconventional chapter outline is based on the nature of the specimens received in a laboratory e.g. The Traumatized Eye, The Conjunctival Biopsy. This gives the relatively inexperienced a quick lead into the methods required for specimen handling and the requirements for a pathological report by using available histopathological technology. Professor Lee is arguably the best known, most experienced and highly regarded UK Ophthalmic Histopathologist both in the UK and internationally. Superb illustrative material, much of which is in colour, makes this book invaluable to any trainee or practising pathologist with an interest in ophthalmic histopathology.

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Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology: Physics and Chemistry

Josef Flammer (Author), Maneli Mozaffarieh (Author), Hans Bebie (Author)

Book Description
Publication Date: April 28, 2013 | ISBN-10: 3642322603 | ISBN-13: 978-3642322600 | Edition: 2013
Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology aims to link clinical ophthalmology directly to its basic science roots. This first volume describes the physics and chemistry required for a sound understanding of modern ophthalmology. The book opens with an extensive discussion of the interaction of light with matter and the way in which light is used in ophthalmic examinations and treatments. After describing traditional methods of imaging, particular emphasis is placed on modern instrumentation such as OCT. The interaction between light and tissues in different types of laser treatment is also addressed. The chemistry section focuses on compounds particularly relevant to the eye, such as oxygen and water. The origin and consequences of oxidative stress are reviewed, and the physical behavior of chemical compounds in the eye is explained. Understanding is facilitated through the use of many examples taken from the field of ophthalmology. The text is complemented by about 450 figures.

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Training in Ophthalmology (Oxford Specialty Training)

Venki Sundaram (Editor), Allon Barsam (Editor), Amar Alwitry (Editor), Peng Khaw (Editor)

 

Book Description
Publication Date: May 15, 2009 | ISBN-10: 019923759X | ISBN-13: 978-0199237593 | Edition: 1
This full color, new book is the first to take account of the new ophthalmic training structure and syllabus, as defined by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCOphth). As a theoretical and practical aid for trainee ophthalmologists and foundation year doctors it guides and helps them progress through the initial years of the new postgraduate Ophthalmic Specialist Training. Emphasis is placed on the practical assessment and management of a variety of key ophthalmic conditions, and includes case based discussions to help develop clinical decision making skills. It will also appeal to candidates preparing for the Fellowship of the Royal College of Ophthalmology (FRCOphth) examination. All topics within the book are presented in highly illustrated, full colour double-page spreads.

 

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Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology

Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology
V. Velayutham (Author)

 

Book Description
Publication Date: December 30, 2008
It has been my long time wish to bring a comprehensive book on Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology. For a postgraduate in ophthalmology, a comprehensive book on Basic Sciences is an absolute need from examination point of view. This book does not claim to be a complete treatise in Basic Sciences, but the aim is to guide the postgraduates to prepare the Basic Sciences for the theory examination.

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