The Neuroscience of Visual Hallucinations

Each year, some two million people in the United Kingdom experience visual hallucinations. Infrequent, fleeting visual hallucinations, often around sleep, are a usual feature of life. In contrast, consistent, frequent, persistent hallucinations during waking are strongly associated with clinical disorders; in particular delirium, eye disease, psychosis, and dementia. Research interest in these disorders has driven a rapid expansion in investigatory techniques, new evidence, and explanatory models. In parallel, a move to generative models of normal visual function has resolved the theoretical tension between veridical and hallucinatory perceptions. From initial fragmented areas of investigation, the field has become increasingly coherent over the last decade. Controversies
and gaps remain, but for the first time the shapes of possible unifying models are becoming clear, along with the techniques for testing these.

This book provides a comprehensive survey of the neuroscience of visual hallucinations and the clinical techniques for testing these. It brings together the very latest evidence from cognitive neuropsychology, neuroimaging, neuropathology, and neuropharmacology, placing this within current models of visual perception.

Leading researchers from a range of clinical and basic science areas describe visual hallucinations in their historical and scientific context, combining introductory information with up-to-date discoveries. They discuss results from the main investigatory techniques applied in a range of clinical disorders. The final section outlines future research directions investigating the potential for new understandings of veridical and hallucinatory perceptions, and for treatments of problematic hallucinations.

Fully comprehensive, this is an essential reference for clinicians in the fields of the psychology and psychiatry of hallucinations, as well as for researchers in departments, research institutes and libraries. It has strong foundations in neuroscience, cognitive science, optometry, psychiatry, psychology, clinical medicine, and philosophy. With its lucid explanation and many illustrations, it is a clear resource for educators and advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

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Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology — Wills Eye Institute — Neuro-Ophthalmology

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Diagnose and manage the most commonly encountered neuro-ophthalmologic problems with confidence! The Color Atlas and Synopsis of Clinical Ophthalmology was developed at Philadelphia’s famed Wills Eye Institute, and like other volumes in the Wills Eye Series, delivers a powerful combination of illustrative photographs and a summary approach to the text. The goal of the series is to provide an up-to-date clinical overview of the major areas of ophthalmology for students, residents, and practitioners in all the healthcare professions.

Neuro-Ophthalmology, Second Edition, provides comprehensive ophthalmologists, ophthalmology residents, and fellows with a single-volume, easily accessible resource covering all the major aspects of neuro-ophthalmic disease. Also ideal as a quick reference for clinicians seeking to keep pace with advances in the subspecialty.

Targeted coverage addresses the most frequently encountered clinical problems!
• Consistent format for each disorder includes Epidemiology and Etiology, History, Physical Examination, Differential Diagnosis, Laboratory and Special Examinations, Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Management.
• Hundreds of quality illustrations and scans aid in visual diagnosis and treatment planning.
• Practical guidance streamlines the diagnosis and management of neuro-ophthalmologic problems commonly seen during patient appointments.
• Softcover, portable format makes this the ideal quick-consult.

NEW to the Second Edition…
• Addition of new disorders assists in the diagnosis and treatment of a broader range of conditions and diseases.
• Expanded coverage of trauma prepares readers for the challenges of injury-related neuro-ophthalmologic conditions.
• Increased number and quality of MRIs highlights relevant anatomic features and helps pinpoint pathologies.
Focus on recent treatment advances helps ensure that patients receive the widest range of therapeutic options.

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Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology 3rd ed.

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Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology, 3rd edition provides the single authoritative resource on the pathophysiology, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of neuro-ophthalmologic disorders in children. This book is encyclopedic in scope, incorporating extensive references for each condition, numerous diagrams and pictures, and a detailed analysis of the clinical disorders included in the differential diagnosis of each condition. The third edition builds upon this format to incorporate new discoveries about mechanisms of disease, new diagnostic modalities, advances in treatment in the field of pediatric neuro-ophthalmology, and updated neuroimaging figures.

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Neuro-Ophthalmology Illustrated 2nd

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Neuro-Ophthalmology Illustrated, Second

Edition, is an up-to-date, beautifully illustrated text that guides readers in recognizing signs and symptoms, localizing pathology, developing a differential diagnosis, and selecting a management strategy. The content in this new edition reflects the most recent advances in neuro-ophthalmology.

Key Features:

  • Includes more than 900 full-color images, line drawings, and charts that help readers understand these complexconditions
  • Written by two of the most prominent neuro-ophthalmologists in the world, with a combined 40 years of teaching experience
  • Offers step-by-step guidance on performing examinations and covers disorders of the visual afferent system, the pupil, ocular motor efferent systems, and the orbit and lid

This second edition of Neuro-Ophthalmology Illustrated is a handy reference for ophthalmologists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons as well as an ideal resource for residents preparing to take board examinations in these specialties.

 

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STEP BY STEP NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY CLINICAL EXAMINATION AND DIAGNOSIS

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STEP BY STEP NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY

 

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Curbside Consultation in Neuro-Ophthalmology: 49 Clinical Questions

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This Second Edition contains new and updated questions and brief, practical, and evidence-based answers to the most frequently asked questions that are posed during a “curbside consultation” between surgical colleagues.

The unique Q&A format provides quick access to current information related to neuro-ophthalmology in the simplicity of a conversation between two colleagues.

Numerous images, diagrams, and references are included to enhance the text and to illustrate surgical pearls.

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Multiple Choice Questions in Ophthalmic and Neuroanatomy

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Multiple Choice Questions in Ophthalmic and Neuroanatomy was written from notes that made by the author while preparing for the College of Ophthalmologists’ primary examination. At the time it was difficult to gauge the standard expected as there were no questions available.
This book aims to help many candidates who need to learn this sort of anatomy and hopes that its appeal extends beyond budding ophthalmologists and general surgeons to include optometrists and orthoptists. The questions deal with the following topics: osteology; anatomy of the head and neck; vascular anatomy; neuroanatomy; orbital and autonomic anatomy; ocular adnexae and extraocular muscles; cranial nerves and visual pathway; ocular anatomy; and embryology.

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Clinical Pathways in Neuro-Ophthalmology: An Evidence-Based Approach

Andrew G. Lee (Author), Paul W. Brazis (Author)

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Written by an ophthalmologist and a neurologist with more than 30 years experience between them, this is the first book devoted specifically to differential diagnosis in neuro-ophthalmology. The expanded and updated second edition uses an evidence-based approach to link symptoms to specific findings, and covers all major advances in the field.

The book utilizes a series of easy-to-follow pathways – supported by helpful tables and expertly written text – to help you walk through any clinical situation and confidently reach a diagnosis. Topics covered include: optic neuritis, diplopia, lid retraction, nerve palsies, and much more!

Benefit from these key features:

  • Emphasis on cost-effective, evidence-based techniques
  • Coverage of new topics such as optic nerve glioma, meningiomas, and papilledema
  • Valuable tables of pathologies and clinical findings that help detect unusual signs and avoid common misinterpretations
  • Practical, easy-to-use format written with the front line clinician in mind
  • Thousands of useful and updated references

This book is an invaluable resource for all ophthalmologists, neurosurgeons, and neurologists who need the latest diagnostic and treatment techniques for neuro-ophthalmologic disorders. Residents and students will find it an outstanding introduction to the field.

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Neuro-Ophthalmology (What Do I Do Now)

Matthew J. Thurtell (Author), Robert L. Tomsak (Author), Robert B. Daroff (Author)

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Neuro-ophthalmology is a field of medicine that touches on every subspecialty in neurology, but has an undeserved reputation as a branch of knowledge that is difficult to learn and practice. Many neurologists and ophthalmologists do not receive sufficient exposure to neuro-ophthalmology during their residencies, and are uncomfortable diagnosing and treating patients with neuro-ophthalmic problems.

Authored by neuro-ophthalmologists whose careers span three generations in the field, Neuro-Ophthalmology helps clinicians evaluate and manage patients with neuro-ophthalmic problems. This “curb-side consult” approach is divided into five sections: afferent (visual) disorders; efferent (eye movement) disorders; eyelid disorders; pupil disorders; and combination syndromes. Based on the most current scholarly evidence and filled with practical advice, Neuro-Ophthalmology provides the answers to “what do I do now? “

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Rapid Diagnosis in Ophthalmology Series: Neuro-Ophthalmology

Rapid Diagnosis in Ophthalmology Series: Neuro-Ophthalmology
Product Description:

This title in the Rapid Diagnosis in Ophthalmology Series presents a wealth of full-color images – along with differential diagnoses – in side-by-side page layouts to assist you in identifying a full range of neuro-ophthalmic disorders. A templated format expedites access to the guidance you need to diagnose the most common conditions related to Neuro-Ophthalmology – from simple to complex – encountered in practice.

 

  • Coverage of cutting-edge topics including transient visual loss, congenital and acquired optic neuropathies, chiasmal and retrochiasmal vision disorders, nystagmus, and many more, help you keep your knowledge up to date.
  • Hundreds of full-color images present conditions as they present in real life.
  • Common diagnostic pitfalls discuss what to look out for when making a difficult diagnosis.
  • A templated, color-coded layout and differential diagnosis boxes for each condition help you make quick, accurate clinical decisions.
  • A focus on the most common conditions encountered in practice allows you to efficiently formulate treatment plans and referrals.

 

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Essentials of Neuro Ophthalmology

by P. K. Mukherjee

 

The purpose of this book is to make the reader at ease and confident in dealing with neuro-ophthalmic cases. Emphasis has been given to even those clinical features that seem to be too trivial but have profound significance, for instance pupillary reaction, colour sense, diminished brightness, fleeting diplopia, field changes etc.

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Neuro-Ophthalmology: Diagnosis and Management

Grant T. Liu MD (Author), Nicholas J. Volpe MD (Author), Steven L. Galetta MD (Author)

Neuro-Ophthalmology: Diagnosis and Management is a highly organized and uniform textbook designed to bridge the gap between a handbook and an encyclopedia. Drs. Grant T. Liu, Nicholas J. Volpe, and Steven L. Galetta present their expertise through this highly visual resource that features full color throughout, extensive illustrations, and a DVD-ROM with videos and more. The second edition includes major updates to reflect advances in migraine, multiple sclerosis treatments, neuroimaging, and more. This is your one-stop source of information both for understanding the underlying presentation, pathophysiology, neuroimaging, and diagnostic studies in neuro-ophthalmology, as well as the ideal diagnostic, treatment, and ongoing management tools for all neuro-ophthalmic conditions.

    • Combines extensive illustrations and cross references with tables, outlines, and flow-diagrams to provide you with everything you need to understand the underlying presentation, pathophysiology, neuroimaging, and diagnostic studies in neuro-ophthalmology, along with the ideal diagnostic, treatment, and ongoing management tools for all neuro-ophthalmic conditions.

 

    • Features reviews of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology based on clinical and pathological observations in humans without the extensive discussion of experimental literature involving non-human primates and other animals for an extremely focused clinical resource excellent for practice and preparing for professional examinations.

 

  • Includes coverage of the neurological examination and the bedside neuro-ophthalmic evaluation of comatose patients that demonstrates how the examination can be used to confirm a diagnosis arrived at from the patient history.
    • Features comprehensive updates to all chapters with complete revisions to coverage of multiple sclerosis, migraine, and neuro-imaging ensuring that you have the most up-to-date clinical tool available.

 

    • Separates the History and Examination, Neuro-ophthalmic History, and Neuro-ophthalmic Examination into two distinct chapters-Neuro-ophthalmic History and Neuro-ophthalmic Examination-to provide a more focused approach to each topic.

 

    • Includes an expanded illustration program with full color throughout, revisions 20% of existing figures, and 20% more figures than before for a more accessible and visually appealing reference.
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Manual of Neuro-Ophthalmology

Agarwal (Author)
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Product Description
1. Supranuclear Pathways for Eye Movements, 2. Supranuclear Disorders of the Eye Movements, 3. Nystagmus, 4. The Pupil, 5. Visual Pathway, 6. Anatomy of the Optic Nerve, 7. Oculomotor Nerve, 8. Lesions of the Oculomotor Nerve, 9. Trochlear Nerve and Lesions, 10. Abducent Nerve and its Lesions, 11. Trigeminal Nerve, 12. Facial Nerve and its Lesions, 13. Congenital Optic Nerve Anomalies, 14. Optic Nerve Tumors, 15. Abnormalities of Optic Nerve Head, 16. Ocular Myopathies, 17. Miscellaneous, 18. Examination of a Neuro-ophthalmology Case, 19. Imaging in Neuro-Ophthalmology.

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Ischemic Optic Neuropathies

Sohan Singh Hayreh

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Product Description
Ischemic optic neuropathy, often referred to as a stroke of the optic nerve, is one of the major causes of visual impairment or loss of vision. Yet it is a highly controversial and confusing subject because of the general lack of in-depth scientific understanding of the subject. In this book the leading authority in the field describes in detail the current knowledge about the different forms of the often devastating disease. Insights into the underlying pathogenesis and peculiar clinical features are given, leading the reader to the most appropriate way of management. This information will help any physician dealing with patients who suffer from sudden loss of vision.

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Emergencies in Neuro-Ophthalmology: A Case Based Approach

Andrew G. Lee (Author), Paul W. Brazis (Author), Mansoor Mughal (Author), Fabiana Policeni (Author)

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Product Description
The management of emergent neuro-ophthalmic conditions can be a life-saving encounter for the general ophthalmologist. This book covers life-threatening scenarios that a general ophthalmologist might encounter, and is designed to help the ophthalmologist make emergency triage decisions for initial evaluation and treatment of potentially vision- or life-threatening conditions. This book is case based, and provides the reader with the invaluable expert views of two neuro-ophthalmologists. One, Dr Lee is an ophthalmology-based neuro-ophthalmologist and the other, Dr Brazis is a neurology-based neuro-ophthalmologist. Dr Mughal and Dr Policeni collected and collated the case vignettes during their fellowship with Dr Lee at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics.

This textbook provides a concise, easy to read, and practical guide to the emergent evaluation of neuro-ophthalmic conditions. It is designed to be a quick read and not to be all-inclusive or comprehensive. The reader is directed to longer and more comprehensive neuro-ophthalmic texts for this information. It is also not the aim of the book to provide information on anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, or other basic mechanisms of disease. Instead, this text is meant to be a quick reference and resource for the clinician in the emergency room or in the clinic facing a potentially vision- or life-threatening emergency and to provide immediate guidance for potentially “high stakes” decision making. The case vignettes are based upon real clinical cases but the clinical details of each case have been modified for teaching purposes and represent composite rather than individual histories.

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Eye on the Bayou: New Concepts in Glaucoma, Cataract and Neuro-ophthalmology

Eye on the Bayou: New Concepts in Glaucoma, Cataract and Neuro-ophthalmology
Jonathan D. Nussdorf (Author)

 
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Binocular vision & orthoptics

Binocular vision & orthoptics

Carole Bowden, Simmons, Norris, Joanne Masters, Noble, Cunliffe, Richard R. Suminski, Jack J. Kanski, Anne Bolton, Ettinger, R. Muller, Roger, Devinksy

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(Optician) College of Optometrists, London, UK. Contains articles originally printed in Optician, 1998-1999. For students, residents, opticians, and optometrists. Illustrated in full color and concentrates on the investigation and management of commonly encountered binocular vision anomalies.

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Eye Essentials: Binocular Vision

Eye Essentials: Binocular Vision

Bruce J. W. Evans

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Eye Essentials is a new series of texts which provides authoritative and accessible information for all eye care professionals, whether in training or in practice. Each pocket guide is both a rapid review tool for students and a handy clinical reference guide for practitioners. With features such as tables, key bullet points, clinical pearls, practice pitfalls, summaries, action icons and stunning full color illustrations, this series has rapidly established itself as an excellent source of essential information for today’s readers.

* Practical advice

* Evidence-based Highly designed, modern with boxes, tables, synoptic text

* Very practical – with highlighted advice sections for patients, handy tables

* White-coat-pocket book

* Key opinion leaders for authors – not contributed so consistency of style and presentation

* Competitively priced

* Pulls the information together in one place very briefly

* Well illustrated

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Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology

Product Description

“Due to the generous representation of the afferent visual system within the brain, neurological disease may disrupt vision as a presenting symptom or as a secondary effect of the disease. Conversely, early developmental disturbances of vision often disrupt ocular motor control systems, giving rise to complex disorders such as nystagmus, strabismus, and torticollis. The signs and symptoms of neurological disease are elusive by their very nature, presenting a confounding diagnostic challenge. Neurological medications and neurosurgical treatments can produce neuro-ophthalmological dysfunction that can be difficult to distinguish from disease progression. Affected patients may experience substantial delays in diagnosis, and are often subjected to extensive (and expensive) diagnostic testing. Scientific articles pertaining to specific disorders are scattered throughout medical subspecialty journals. These children continue to “fall through the cracks” of our medical education system. The increasing recognition that pediatric neuro-ophthalmology comprises a distinct set of diseases from those seen in adults has led to its emergence as a dedicated field of study. “Since the original publication of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology nearly fourteen years ago, interest in the field has burgeoned. Pediatric ophthalmology and pediatric neurology subspecialty conferences often include symposia dedicated to recent advances in pediatric neuro-ophthalmology. Technical advances in neuroimaging have given rise to a more integrated mechanistic classification of neuro-ophthalmological disease in children. Our understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders of the visual system has expanded, longstanding monoliths have been dissembled into component parts, basic molecular mechanisms have taken center stage, and genetic underpinnings have become definitional. Evolutionary alterations can now be observed at the level of the gene, adding a new dimension to our understanding of disease pathogenesis. New classifications now encompass clinically disparate conditions. Descriptive definitions have been supplanted by mechanistic ones, and clinical definitions superseded by genetic ones. Our concept of disease pathogenesis has been revised and in some cases overturned. Bearing witness to these remarkable advancements has compelled me to enhance and expand the first edition of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology into this new and revised one. “In the first edition of this book, our goal was to present the clinical characteristics, diagnostic evaluation, and therapeutic options for the common neuro-ophthalmologic disorders of childhood. In so doing, we designed the book to be provide a narrative journey through the thought processes involved in the clinical management of these disorders. In this edition, I have retained the basic narrative format of original book, while expanding the exploration of these complex visual disorders in the context of the many new scientific advancements and discoveries that have come to light. These conditions are fun to diagnose, fascinating to understand, and gratifying to manage.” —from the Preface to the 2nd Edition.

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Controversies in Neuro-Ophthalmology

By Andrew G. Lee, Jacinthe Rouleau, Reid Longmuir

Neuro-ophthalmology, like in any field of medicine, has many areas where controversy exists in diagnosis and treatment. This book provides a comprehensive overview on the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of neuro-ophthalmic disorders and specifically addresses areas of controversy.
Each chapter opens with a case to illustrate a pertinent controversy and poses a clinical question; these controversies are then discussed by world leading experts to provide a balanced viewpoint. Controversies in Neuro-ophthalmology is essential reading for neuro-ophthalmologists, ophthalmologists and neurologists.

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