Endophthalmitis is a serious eye infection that can cause blindness if not promptly diagnosed and appropriately treated. The goals of this book are to provide the latest information about endophthalmitis and offer recommendations for diagnosis and treatment.
Each chapter is written by experts in the field with the practicing clinician in mind. Several chapters focus on the major types of endophthalmitis such as postoperative, post-intravitreal injection, bleb-related, exogenous fungal, chronic, and endogenous endophthalmitis. Other chapters describe endophthalmitis in special populations such as diabetic or immunocompromised hosts or those with a glaucoma drainage device, keratoprosthesis, or other artificial implant. Also included are chapters that provide an overview of endophthalmitis as seen around the world, summarize current understanding of endophthalmitis pathogenesis, describe the latest microbiologic and molecular diagnostic techniques, and discuss emerging problems such as multidrug-resistant pathogens. A final chapter offers recommendations for ways to prevent this devastating eye infection.
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The anesthetic implications of eye muscle surgery are varied and numerous. Being a condition that can be seen in all age groups, the anesthetist or anesthesiologist will see pediatric, adult, and geriatric patient populations. This book examines and analyzes the causes, symptoms and treatment options to strabismus and nystagmus. It discusses benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; strabismus surgery; central positional dizziness; the treatment of intermittent exotropia in childhood; and nystagmus in posterior fossa stroke patients.
This well-illustrated two volume set covers the field of ophthalmology, from the fundamentals to the most recent advances. Each section is dedicated to a specific area of the eye and covers basic techniques, investigative modules and treatment methods. With the help of 2500 images and illustrations, this book covers topics such as glaucoma, ocular oncology, nystagmus, refractive surgery, strabismus and lasers in ophthalmology. Low vision, medico-legal aspects, operating room sterilisation and ocular emergencies are also discussed.
Shoib A. Myint (Editor)
This book offers surgeons the most up-to-date information related to non-surgical techniques specific to periorbital rejuvenation. This easy-to-use reference guide is for ophthalmologists, oculoplastic surgeons, dermatologists, plastic surgeons, maxillofacial and plastic surgery residents, as well as ENT facial plastic fellows. Complete with videos of specific techniques to better inform surgeons about these evolving procedures, Nonsurgical Peri-orbital Rejuvenation teaches the reader how to measure predictable outcomes when deciding to approach the periorbital area. Topics covered include neurotoxins, peels, lasers, fillers, and skinceuticals.
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Müller glial cells ensheath all retinal neurons in vertebrate retinae. There are a multitude of functional interactions between neurons and Müller cells, including delivery of the light stimuli to the photoreceptor cells in the inverted vertebrate retina, a ‘metabolic symbiosis’ with the neurons, and the processing of visual information. Müller cells are also responsible for the maintenance of the homeostasis of the retinal extracellular milieu (ions, water, neuro¬transmitter molecules, and pH). In vascularized retinae, Müller cells may also be involved in the control of angiogenesis, and the regulation of retinal blood flow. Virtually every disease of the retina is associated with a reactive Müller cell gliosis which, on the one hand, supports the survival of retinal neurons but, on the other hand, may accelerate the progress of neuronal degeneration:
Müller cells protect neurons via a release of neurotrophic factors. However, gliotic Müller cells display a dysregulation of various neuron-supportive functions. This contributes to a disturbance of retinal glutamate metabolism and ion homeostasis, and causes the development of retinal edema and neuronal cell death. Moreover, there are diseases evoking a primary Müller cell insufficiency, such as hepatic retinopathy and certain forms of glaucoma. Any impairment of supportive functions of Müller cells, primary or secondary, must cause and/or aggravate a dysfunction and loss of neurons, by increasing the susceptibility of neurons to stressful stimuli in the diseased retina.
Müller cells may be used in the future for novel therapeutic strategies to protect neurons against apoptosis (i.e. somatic gene therapy), or to differentiate retinal neurons from Müller/stem cells. Meanwhile, a proper understanding of the gliotic responses of Müller cells in the diseased retina, and of their protective vs. detrimental effects, is essential for the development of efficient therapeutic strategies that use and stimulate the neuron-supportive/-protective – and prevent the destructive – mechanisms of gliosis.
Thoroughly revised and updated for its Sixth Edition, this classic work is the most comprehensive reference on diagnosis and treatment of neuro-ophthalmologic diseases. This edition has two new editors – Valerie Biousse, MD and John B. Kerrison, MD and has been streamlined from five volumes into three tightly edited volumes with a sharper focus on patient management. Coverage includes major updates on genetics of diseases, new diagnostic techniques, and the newest treatment options.This first volume covers the visual sensory system, the autonomic nervous system, the ocular motor system, the eyelid, facial pain and headache, and nonorganic disease.